Botanical Name: Pelargonium graveolens or Pelargonium adorantissimum
Common Method of Extraction: The common method of extraction of geranium oil is through steam distillation.
Parts Used: Flowers and leaves of the plant are used for extracting oil.
Note Classification: Middle
Aroma: The aroma of Geranium oil is flowery, sweet and strong. The aroma is very feminine.
Largest Producing Countries: The main countries which are the producers of geranium oil are Spain, France, Egypt, South Africa and Italy.
Traditional Use: Traditionally the geranium oil was used by South Africans for healing abscesses, sore throats, cold sores, infections and wounds. It is widely used in the medicinal and fragrance industry as an important ingredient. The oil had to play an important role in the kitchen, garden and medical cupboards. In 1800’s French found out that the scented geranium was the ideal ingredient for aromatherapy and for perfumes. They still use it as the important ingredient for making perfumes. The plant which is a native of South Africa grows in abundance in dry and warm climate. For centuries geranium was used to keep the pests out of gardens. The oil was used for many medicinal and culinary uses. During medieval times people use to plant geranium around their houses for protection.
Geranium oil has many medicinal properties. The oil is an analgesic, antidepressant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, diuretic, hepatic and emmenagogue. It is a good medicine for diabetes too. It is very good tonic, astringent, cicatrizant, regenerative, rubefacient, styptic, vasoconstrictor, vulnerary and vermifuge. Geranium oil is a good sedative. It is used in the production of deodorant and insecticide. The presence of geranium oil in skin lotions and creams brings in a special glow to the skin. The astringent property of the oil cleans and opens the pores. Geranium oil reduces pain caused by stone. It is an excellent relaxant and it relaxes the nerves and uplifts the spirit. It is used for killing head lice too. Mixing the oil with witch hazel and applying it tones the skin. The oil deodorizes the home and pets.
Geranium is very good for stomach aches, headaches and diarrhoea if consumed. The geranium oil is a haemostatic and it stops bleeding. It is used for treating injuries and fast healing. It gives relief to pre-menstrual problems, menopausal problems and balances the hormones perfectly. It is also good for extreme fluid retention. Geranium oil is one of those oils that can be used in any blend. Its aroma and properties are calming and inspiring and it is energizing and relaxing.
Blends Well With: Geranium oil blends well with essential oils like clove, clary sage, bergamot, chamomile, cypress, ginger, grapefruit, jasmine, lemon, juniper, mandarin, neroli, palmarosa, peppermint, rosemary, rose, sandalwood, ylangylang and patchouli.
Of Interest: Geranium leaves were first distilled in 1819 by French chemist Recluz. The oil has the power to negate pessimistic emotions and thoughts. The geranium leaves are used in jams and jellies and many of the baked food items.
Safety Data: Women who are pregnant are advised not to use this oil. The use of geranium oil may cause skin irritation.